Overview – Where to Look and for What

Computers and the Internet are not common in all areas, nor are they used by all people. The Internet serves as one of several tools that information professionals and analysts use.

Information collectors must think in broad terms, not just the Internet.

Common non-Internet venues include:

  • Courseware, dissertations, lectures, presentations, research papers, and studies in both hardcopy and softcopy on economics geography (physical, cultural, and political-military), international relations, regional security, science, and technology.
  • Governmental, Intergovernmental, and NGOs. Databases, posted information, and printed reports on a wide variety of economic, environmental, geographic, humanitarian, security, science, and technology issues.
  • Commercial and Public Information Services. Broadcast, posted, and printed news on current international, regional, and local topics.
  • Individuals and Groups. Handwritten, painted, posted, printed, and broadcast information (for example, art, graffiti, leaflets, posters and websites).
  • Libraries and Research Centers. Printed documents and digital databases on a range of topics, as well as knowledge and skills in information retrieval.


Non-Internet venues generally deal in traditional media. Traditional media have long been the access points for publicly available information. Key traditional open sources include: Public Speaking, Public Documents, Public Broadcasts, and News Resources. The list is long:

  • Printed media
    • Books
    • Newspapers
    • Magazines and periodicals
    • Annuals
    • Leaflets
    • Pamphlets
    • Journals (specialized areas)
  • Gray literature and ephemera
  • Educational materials
  • Radio
    • Standard wave
    • Short wave
  • Television
  • Loudspeakers
  • Novelties
  • Phone Books
  • Property records
  • Posters
  • Clothing
  • Speeches
  • Talk shows
  • Non-governmental releases
  • Motion Pictures
  • “Dumpster Diving”
  • Graffiti
  • Tattoos
  • Public speakers and forums
  • Advertisements
  • Government releases and public documents
  • Other media
  • Jewelry
  • Internet
    • World Wide Web 1.0
    • World Wide Web 2.0


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